• E-mail :[email]
  • Phone : +33145688629
  • Location : Paris, France
Last update 2015-06-23 13:48:22.292

Pierre Bruhns PhD in Immunology

Course and current status

Since 09/2012 Institut Pasteur – Paris, France

Principal Investigator (DR2 INSERM). Head of Unit.

Unité des Anticorps en Thérapie et Pathologie, INSERM U.760.

 

09/2004-08/2012 Institut Pasteur – Paris, France

Faculty Position at INSERM.

Unité d’Allergologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, INSERM U.760.

Director: Dr. Marc Daëron, MD, PhD

 

2002-2004 The Rockefeller University – New York, NY, USA                                                                                    

Post-Doctoral Fellow

(Margaret Dammann Eisner- Irvington Institute Postdoctoral Fellow)

Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Immunology

Director: Dr. Jeffrey Ravetch, MD, PhD

 

1996-2002 Institut Curie – Paris, France

Ph.D. in Immunology. University Paris VI, Pierre et Marie Curie.

Laboratoire d'Immunologie Cellulaire et Clinique, INSERM U255

Director: Pr. W. H. Fridman, MD, PhD. Mentor: Dr. Marc Daëron, MD, PhD

Scientific summary

Antibodies are key effectors of the immune system. They are responsible for disease induction (autoimmunity, allergy) and can be protecting from or facilitating infections and tumors. Antibodies do not exert by themselves, however, biological functions: these are mainly mediated by antibody receptors (FcRs).

AIMS         
  - Decipher the role of human antibodies, human antibody receptors (FcRs) and the cells expressing them during therapy and in the induction of pathologies.
- Establish high-throughput plasma cell selection using droplet microfluidics to generate the “anatomical map” of antigen-specific plasma cells, and demonstrate the pathogenic nature of antibodies in specific diseases.

     How antibodies and their receptors induce/regulate autoimmune and allergic diseases is addressed using on one hand models of rheumatoid arthritis and anaphylaxis (allergic shock) in humanized mice and, on the other hand through a clinical study (NASA).

     How antibodies and their receptors participate in passive antibody therapy is addressed using human tumor xenografts in the mouse.

     How antigen-specific plasma cells disseminate in vivo and to identify antibodies at high-throughput is addressed using droplet-based microfluidic technologies developed at ESPCI-ParisTech
 
In most projects, we aim at identifying the cell population(s) responsible for antibody-mediated effects, and decipher the mechanism behind their contribution to therapy or pathology. To enhance the clinical relevance of our studies in mice, we have generated "humanized" mouse models expressing human FcRs in the presence of human antibodies. Our recent focus has been on FcR-expressing myeloid cells, in particular neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages, that we extend now to platelets and their interaction with neutrophils.

                Altogether, our research, integrating fundamental, clinical and industry-driven approaches, aims at elucidating the role of antibodies, their receptors and the cells expressing them in major disease and therapy models and, hopefully, propose novel therapeutic solutions in antibody-based therapies.

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